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Human Rights in the Mining and Metals Industry: Integrating Human Rights Due Diligence into Corporate Risk Management Processes

18 April 2012

This guide explains what is meant by human rights due diligence and the expectations on how it should be conducted as set out in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs). It aims to assist mining companies in the review of their existing risk management processes and identify how they can enhance them to ensure that their approach to due diligence is consistent with the UNGPs.


  • Respect for human rights is a baseline expectation of all companies. ICMM members commit to implementing the UNGPs through the Mining Principles.
  • Carrying out human rights due diligence to identify, prevent, mitigate and account for how they address their negative human rights impacts is a core part of the corporate responsibility to respect human rights.
  • The guide introduces a range of available tools on risk management and aspects of human rights due diligence and aims to assist mining companies in identifying which of these may provide useful supporting guidance depending on circumstances.
  • The tools are supported by several industry-related case studies. The studies focus on practices such as the use of global employee surveys, conflict assessment and effective stakeholder engagement.
  • It does not prescribe a 'one-size-fits-all' approach to human rights due diligence but emphasises that companies need to ensure that their approach adequately responds to the local contexts in which they operate.
  • The guide may be useful for people working in several corporate areas, including community relations, security, human resources, supplier and contractor management, social performance and external affairs, both at group and operational level.