ICMM is committed to strengthening the health and safety performance of its members and reducing operational fatalities to zero. As part of this commitment we produce an annual safety data report of our membership.
Recognising that companies report differently and adhere to different calendar years, we have developed a common approach to reporting as defined in the ICMM publication: 'Health and Safety Performance Indicators' (2014).
Brumadinho dam failure
This benchmarking report provides the safety data from ICMM companies for 2018 and does not include fatalities that occurred in the Brumadinho tragedy that occurred in January 2019.
In response to the Brumadinho dam failure in Brazil, ICMM, the United Nations Environment and Programme (UNEP) and the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) are co-convening an independent review that will develop an international standard for tailings facilities. The standard will be informed by a review of current global best practices in the mining and other industries and will include:
- A global and transparent consequence-based tailings facility classification system with appropriate requirements for each level of classification
- A system for credible, independent reviews of tailings facilities, and
- Requirements for emergency planning and preparedness.
ICMM regrets to report that 50 fatalities occurred across its company members in 2018. This represents a 2 per cent decrease from 2017 when there were 51 fatalities.
This is viewed against a background of a 16 per cent increase in the total hours worked by companies and an overall decrease in the number of incidents that resulted in a fatality. The data for 2018 now includes new ICMM company members: Minera San Cristóbal, Minsur, Newcrest, and Vale.
There were three incidents which resulted in more than one fatality, which is an increase from two incidents in 2017. This year’s data also sees a 3 per cent increase in the number of total recordable injuries from 7,515 in 2017 to 7,755 in 2018.
The fatality and injury rate - which provide the number of fatalities / injuries per million hours worked show the fatality frequency rate decreased from 0.027 in 2017 to 0.022 in 2018 continuing its downward trend. There was also a decrease in the injury rate from 3.94 in 2017 to 3.41 in 2018, which also continues the reduction seen in previous years.
Table 1: ICMM safety performance data (2012-2018)
|Year||Total recordable fatalities||Fatality frequency rate2||Total recordable injuries (TRI)||TRI frequency rate3||Total hours worked|
Fatalities by hazard category
The data highlights the most common type of incidents and where member companies are focussing prevention efforts.
Graph 3 shows that the highest number of fatalities in 2018 were attributed to mobile equipment and transportation, which overtakes fall of ground which had been consistently the number one cause of fatalities in the membership over the past years.
This gives more impetus for the work on improving vehicle safety through ICMM’s Innovations for Cleaner, Safer Vehicles programme (CSVI) which was launched in October 2018.This programme, which sees ICMM members collaborating with mining original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) on a range of issues includes the aim to promote collision avoidance technology capable of eliminating fatalities from vehicle interactions so that it is available to mining companies by 2025.
Fatalities by location
Graph 4 and table 2 show that 44 per cent of the fatalities occurred in Africa, 34 per cent in the Americas, 14 per cent in Asia, 4 per cent in Europe and 4 per cent in Oceania.
Table 2: 2018 fatalities per continent
|Continent||Total hours worked||% of total hours per continent||Total recordable fatalities||Fatality frequancy rate2||% of fatalities per continent|
Graph 5 shows the country with highest number of fatalities was South Africa accounting for 28 per cent of the total fatalities across ICMM members.
Table 3: 2018 fatalities and fatality frequency rate per country
|Country||Total hours worked||% of total hours||Sum of fatalities||Fatality frequancy rate2||% of fatalities per country|
|Rest of world||441,315,907||19.4||0||0.000||-|
2018 safety data per company
Below are two graphs that show a more detailed analysis of data for calendar year 2018 per company member. Graph 6 shows the fatality rate for each company for 2018. Graph 7 shows the injury rate for companies in 2018. The total number of fatalities per company is shown in table 4.
Table 4: All data for ICMM company members in 2018
|Country||Fatalities||Fatality frequancy rate1||Total recordable injuries (TRI)||TRI frequancy rate3||Total hours worked|
|Africa Rainbow Minerals||0||0.000||199||4.42||45,033,231|
|Minera San Cristóbal||0||0.000||18||3.28||5,489,767|
While all effort is made to ensure the data complies with the definitions, it should be noted that some minor differences still exist between companies. Acknowledging this, we are continuously looking at ways to improve the consistency of data.
1. Rates are per 1 million hours worked (calculated by dividing the total number of fatalities or TRIs by the hours worked at the companies, and then multiplied by 1 million). Fatality rate is shown at 3 decimal places, injury rate shown at 2 decimal places.
2. The data is compliant in terms of injury severity classification, however the scope of reporting excludes those off-site work-related incidents that are not within Anglo American management control and where there is no clear evidence of negligence (for example a lost time injury due to an incident on a public road in company provided transportation). Anglo American’s TRIs reported in this disclosure include fatal injuries, lost-time injuries and medical treatment cases only, but not first aid cases.
3. Barrick's 2018 data excludes offices and powerplants.
4. The above data set includes data from our Petroleum business. BHP use Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) definitions for Injuries and Disease classification which differs slightly from ICMM definitions.
5. Codelco does not consider incidents where we do not have rights or enforcement about drivers, vehicles and roads respect to safety matters outside of our controlled location (e.g. public roads, interaction with another –third parties). Codelco also does not make differences between First Aid Case and Medical Treatment.
6. The data excludes marketing offices. A few specific exclusions exist in Glencore's classification guidelines that apply in the determination of whether incidents are workplace related to assist in the decision-making process.
7. Data includes all Goldcorp offices hours as well as sites and projects.
8. Data for Japan consist of "Employees'" Total Work Hours and TRI and "Contractors'" TRI only because we do not record ‘Contractors' Work Hours. Data for other countries is not included.
9. The total recordable injuries will include some first aid cases.
10. Includes the safety data of our Joint Venture Project of Mina Justa (60% Minsur and 40% COPEC).
11. Contractors are not included for hours worked and TRI. The data includes sites in direct control by the Metals company of Mitsubishi Materials, i.e. Akita Smelter, Sakai factory, Ikuno business facilities and Naoshima Smelter and Refinery in Japan.
12. Newcrest's Exploration activities occur across multiple countries. Consolidated Exploration data is presented as data cannot be readily distributed to individual countries. Newcrest divested their Bonikro operations, Ivory Coast on 31 March 2018. The values reported reflect the period for which the Bonikro operations were under Newcrest operational control. The numbers reported for Australia consist of the following operations: Cadia Valley NSW, Telfer WA and Corporate in its entirety, including the laboratory in Orange NSW.
13. South32 use Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) definitions for Injuries and Disease classification which differs slightly from ICMM definitions.
14. For countries other than Japan, the total hours worked of employees in workforce is an estimate. Pogo mine in the US was transferred in September. The data of total hours worked of contractors in workforce was not collected in 2018. We are preparing to collect the data now.
15. The total number of TRIs for Teck includes TRIs attributed to operations where Teck is a partner but not the managing partner. These TRIs are included pro-rata based on the percentage of Teck ownership.