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Ensuring food security and access to water

Food and water security are complex sustainable development challenges, linked to health, social and economic development, environment and trade, among others. Metals play an important role in ensuring sufficient quantities of food and water is available to populations on a consistent basis.

Availability

Minerals and metals play an important role in ensuring sufficient quantities of food and water are available to populations. For example, mineral and metal fertilisers help to increase crop yield while copper and nickel are essential for desalination technologies that enable access to water in otherwise water-stressed environments.

Access

Having sufficient resources to obtain appropriate food and water for a nutritious diet is vital. This includes the purification and transport of water as well as lightweight packaging that extends the life of food and reduces waste.

Use

Appropriate use, based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care, as well as adequate water and sanitation helps to ensure that we make the most of precious resources. Minerals and metals play a vital role here too – from their role as basic nutrients to their use in wastewater plants that recycle used water for reuse in drinking and cooking.

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